Clustering of the black population, or the degree to which black neighborhoods are contiguous within the MA, may exacerbate the concentration of social problems. Therefore, discrete time-to-event analysis with a logit function was performed. We focus on the beginning of the transition to adulthood, from age 18 or 19 through age 20 or 21, which spans a particularly important period of the life course. Accordingly, we draw on the life course perspective to conceptualize the links among race, other sociodemographic characteristics, and sexual and contraceptive behaviors. She's prepared to travel as far as the Caribbean or America to find her Mr Right, and she fears that European and Asian women are, as she puts it, 'taking our men away'. Hypothesis 3 Contraceptive Method: We examined whether five dimensions of black-white residential racial segregation can help explain the racial disparity in age at first sexual intercourse. Finally, unevenness of the black population, or the extent to which the proportion of black people in each neighborhood differs from the proportion of black people in the MA as a whole, can result in further social isolation. We find that net of other sociodemographic characteristics and adolescent experiences with sex and pregnancy, black women spent less time in relationships and had sex less frequently in their relationships than white women, but did not differ in the number of relationships they formed or in their frequency or consistency of contraceptive use within relationships.
Also, some evidence has suggested that even though black women have sex earlier than their peers, they have more negative attitudes about sex Barber et al. Please select one or more groups: The massive forced sterilization of Puerto Rican women between and was funded by a U. Of the MAs included in this analysis, Because we investigate multiple outcomes, the analytic sample varies by outcome. Although teen pregnancy rates have declined dramatically among all racial and ethnic groups in the United States since their peak in the early s Kost and Henshaw , black teens have a pregnancy rate that is nearly three times higher than that of white teens Martinez et al. In contrast, the majority of the Muslim girls I went to school with are married to Muslim men. First, we developed a rich set of measures integrating the relationships, sexual intercourse experiences, and contraceptive use of to year-old women over the first year of the RDSL study. Background Adolescence and the transition to adulthood is a time of many persisting black-white differences in sex and contraceptive behaviors. This rich set of data allows, for the first time, an investigation of how race and other sociodemographic characteristics—both separately and in tandem—are related to dynamic pregnancy-related behaviors. I find this to be true of my male friends. Economic Opportunity and Attainment Because of higher rates of poverty, lower-quality early education, greater labor market discrimination, and residence in more-disadvantaged neighborhoods, black women tend to have less education, lower employment rates, and fewer opportunities for economic attainment than white women Avery and Rendall ; Conley ; Isaacs ; Oliver and Shapiro ; Orr ; Proctor and Dalaker Black young people [are more likely to have had sexual intercourse, to have initiated sexual activity at earlier ages, and to have had multiple sexual partners in their lifetime than white young people Cavazos-Rehg et al. Poverty-related structural disadvantages in black neighborhoods—such as lower-quality schools, fewer churches, fewer community centers or associations, and generally less-cohesive local networks—may contribute to so-called ghetto-related behaviors, including teen and nonmarital pregnancy, among residents Anderson ; Wilson Religiosity may have a differential racial impact on both young sex and contraceptive use. Socioeconomic status was assessed using four measures: Individual- and family-level factors do not fully explain this disparity. Hypotheses There are multiple aspects of sex and contraceptive use. The question of whether poor women should bear children is at the heart of some ongoing welfare debates e. When we were at school she was too petrified to date black guys. She eventually settled down with a white partner, while her younger sister had a child with an African immigrant in The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Demography See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Race was measured with the following question: Most people from the Isle of Dogs have families that have lived in the area for generations. As the test of the primary research question, to examine whether the black-white disparity in age at adolescent first sexual intercourse varied in areas with different levels of segregation, we included race-by-segregation interaction terms.
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