No sexual contact is needed. The risk of contracting HIV infection is greater for the partner giving oral sex. Frequent testing is an inexpensive and effective way to stop the spread of HIV. For a cunnilingus oral sex on a woman recipient, the chance of HIV transmission is also low, although the entire vagina is a mucous membrane through which, theoretically, the virus could be transmitted. Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual act:
This is because it contains organisms that can cause illness or infection, for example shigella. This is called Treatment as Prevention, or TasP. The South had the highest number of new diagnoses in HIV can be transmitted to either partner regardless of who is topping or bottoming, especially during anal sex without a condom. How is HIV transmitted through sex? Antiretroviral treatment can reduce this rate to 5 percent. Reducing the risk Practicing safe sex is one step people can take to reduce the risk of contracting HIV. Sharing needles also puts a person at higher risk of contracting HIV. Risk of transmission varies depending on several factors including: HIV damages the body by destroying specific blood cells that help the body fight disease. Using protection consistently and correctly for both oral sex and intercourse will help keep your sex life healthy and worry-free. James has an undergraduate degree in Microbiology and Immunology from the University of British Columbia. For an additional resource, check out our fact sheet: What are the risks of HIV infection for the passive partner of oral sex? A range of effective strategies can now lower the risk of having HIV, even among vulnerable groups. The delicate membranes of foreskin can tear during sex, creating a pathway for HIV to enter the body. First, some STIs like syphilis and herpes cause ulcers, or sores, to develop in the genital area or mouth. Social factors HIV can affect anyone, but some social factors can increase the chances of exposure. A review of studies published in found that mothers who were breastfeeding infants with HIV had a 40 to 60 percent chance of contracting the virus. Here are some key messages: Anyone who thinks they may have been exposed to HIV should ask for a test. Hopefully it will make you happier to know the risks of contracting HIV from oral sex are considerably lower than from vaginal or anal intercourse. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infection because STIs often have no symptoms and are unrecognized. Receptive vaginal sex is riskier than insertive vaginal sex. This is the most effective way to stop the progression and transmission of the virus.
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